Thursday, 20 October 2016

Banana for Good Health

Banana is the fruit is widely available in most of the places in the world. It belongs to the flowering plant of genus Musa.  This is an edible parthenocarpic fruit, which means it does not have seeds in it. For this reason, it would be easier to eat for children also. These fruits, which are majorly cultivated, hold its scientific name as Musa acuminate and also Musa balbisiana. These are made up of the largest herbaceous plants which are flowering plants. 


These bananas win the fourth position in the financial value of main food crops in the world, after rice, wheat and also maize. The bananas which are used only for cooking is named as pisang in the country Malaysia as well as in Indonesia. It is also called as chuoi in Vietnam and kluai in Thailand.

These plants are grown usually with the structure of the corm. The longer trunk that appears is a false stem which is also called as pseudo-stem. This stem works as the physical balance for the clusters of the fruit. These are grown in a variety of soils in most of the places. The height of these plants varies 3 to 5 meters or 10 to 16 feet. 

History of Banana


The first banana was found in between 8000 BCE and 5000 BCE and was started cultivating by Southeast Asian farmers who domesticated them. The primary diversity of the bananas is found in South Asia and then in Africa. 

Banana Description


These bananas are also used for cooking, instead of having it directly after peeling off. Bananas cultivated at present, have multiple colours and multiple size with varied firmness. The plants of bananas are also called banana. Most of these fruits look curved. The rind of it will convert into different colours like purple, red and also yellow after ripe. These are widely scientifically named as scarlet banana, pink banana, Fe’i bananas in various places. These are generally grown as a cluster of many pieces which hang from the stem coming out of the plant. 

The inner surface of it contains yellow dessert. And the outer surface is a protective layer or also called as peel or skin which is made up of longer thin strings. Tiny black specks which are almost invisible and inferior inside the fruit become the seeds for cultivation. 

The leaves of this plant are generally very long and wide. These are used as waterproof and also used for packing of the food items. In a few countries these leaves serve as meal plates. Not just giving the water resistance, when hot food is served and eaten on these flowers gives additional flavor to the food. The leaves size till 2.7 meters or 8.9 feet in width of 60 cm or 2 feet. 

Varieties of Banana Available


There are many kinds of bananas available in almost 107 countries and they differ according to the genomic constitution of these species. As of this year, 2013, there are about 70 species of Musa have been recognized in the checklist of the world’s selected plant families. Many of these species are cultivated as edible fruits and a few of them are ornamentals. 

Technically two kinds of bananas are divided and used. They are dessert banana which is a ripe banana and cooking banana, which is a raw one. However, these fruits are also widely divided into three groups called dessert bananas, plantains and the other group is non-plantain cooking bananas. 

The two kinds of cultivars, called Cavendish and Saba cultivars who cultivate major chunk of this fruit. Now India has been the number one, contributing 20% of production of banana and followed by Uganda with 8% and China by 7% in the world.

Nutrients in Banana


The fruit generally weights over 125 grams in which approximately 75% of it contains water and rest of 25% is a dry content. It has carbohydrates of 22.84 g with very less fat of 0.33g and protein of 1.09g. It consists of iron of 2% potassium of around 8% and phosphorus is of 3%. 

Banana also contains the vitamin B and vitamin C. Various kinds of vitamin B1 called Thiamine, B2 called Riboflavin, B3 called Niacin, B5 called Pantothenic acid, vitamin B6 and Folate vitamin B9 are contained as vitamin B. vitamin C is of around 10% is available in Bananas.

Nutrition in Banana



All values are per 100gms
Moisture in Banana
70.1gms
Protein in Banana
1.2gms
Fat in Banana
0.3gms
Minerals in Banana
0.8gms
Crude Fiber in Banana
0.4gms
Carbohydrates in Banana
27.2gms
Energy in Banana
116Kcal
Calcium in Banana
17mg
Phosphorous in Banana
36mg
Iron in Banana
0.36mg

Banana Health Benefits


Weight Gain with Banana

It is a high calorie topical fruit and contains over 90 calories in a fruit of 100 g., so it is also used by athletes and also underweight people for instant energy. However, there is LDL cholesterol does not cause any disturbance to the High density lipoprotein cholesterol in the body. 

Banana for good digestion

People use it for instant digestion with soluble dietary fiber of over 7%, and in many countries it has become a dessert fruit. 


BP Under the check with Banana

Because of its rich potassium levels, prevents high levels of blood pressure.

Bone health with Banana

The potassium levels of it prevents the bones of the body to be thinning out. 

Better eyesight with Banana

2 to 3 bananas a day can reduce the causes of vision loss happens in the adults because of age.

Banana and depression

The tryptophan contained in this fruit helps producing serotonin which makes the body and mind to relax and minimize the effect of depression.

Anemia treatment with Banana

Banana, which is high in iron, the production of hemoglobin is stimulated and acts treatment food for anemia affected people.

Less morning sickness with Banana

The less blood sugar levels can be increased by snacking bananas in between the meals and can be best medicinal fruit to prevent the morning sickness. 

Banana relaxes from menstrual pains

Since bananas are rich in vitamin B6, it reduces the pain which is caused during the menstrual periods.

Power the brain with Banana

The potassium found in this fruit makes the brain to be increased with alertness and also boosts up the power of the brain. So, bananas for breakfast, snack and lunch given to the children would power the brain of the children.

Banana lowers the risk of cancer

The rich antioxidants with dietary fiber in this fruit could lessen the risk of cancer of various kinds.

Banana in Indian Languages


Indian Language
Local Name
Banana in Bengali
Kala
Banana in Guajarati
Kash, Kela
Banana in Hindi
Kash, Kela
Banana in Kannada
Bale hannu
Banana in Malayalam
Vazha pazham
Banana in Tamil
Vazha pazham
Banana in Marathi
Kele
Banana in Oriya
Champa kadali
Banana in Punjabi
Kella
Banana in Telugu
Arati pandu
Banana in Other names
Kadali

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