Sunday, 23 October 2016

Nutritional Value of Blackberries

Blackberry is not actually a berry, however can be understood as an aggregate fruit. It is an edible fruit, which is formed a great number of around 375 seeded fruits which are again attached to its core. This fact makes these berries to consist of high skin as well as seed composition towards high nutritional values of this fruit. Blackberries are called with its scientific name Rubus fruticosus, and produce from the family of Rosaceae hybrid family. These berries are very sweet and choice of both children and adults in all the seasons with great nutritional values. 

These fruits are soft, which are used in desserts, jellies and jam. They are generally served mixed with the apple fruit. It is not an unusual practice to use these berries in wine too. They are also used to make the candies. 

Mexico produces black berries majorly in the world. The major cultivation and production of these berries are happening in the United States and Europe. 

Blackberries are basically called as perennial plants, because of its biennial stem grown from its root. These plants grow very easily throughout the woods, hillsides, and rapidly in hedgerows etc. They are grown in poor soils also. It gives beautiful flowers of white or pink petals of five. These berries can be trailed and grown if simply they are left on the ground during the winter. 

History of Blackberry

There are evidences of events where these berries are consumed by women over 2500 years ago. So, from thousands of years, these blackberries have been growing parallel with the human being. There are a tradition and belief in the United Kingdom that these fruits should not be touched after 11th October as it is believed that a devil claimed them not to. The scientific reason for it could be that during winter, the tree and so the fruit can be infected with molds resulting the fruit to become unpleasant look and it could also become toxic. 

Blackberry Description

Blackberries are made and formed with drupes of many in number. A drupe can be understood as the flesh which is formed around the seed. This fruit takes more than two years of time to start giving the fruits. These fruits look in dark blue colour and close to black. This fruit looks similar to grapes but these are clustered closer and tighter. They are small with a skin upon it. These fruits contain seeds in both small and large size. The berries which look darker, plump taste sweeter. These fruits are supposed to be taken after they are ripe with the plant and otherwise it does not ripen after they are picked out. After these fruits ripe, they look black and before they ripen they look red, though they are considered as green as a symbolic colour for unripe fruits. 

Varieties of Blackberry available

There are basically three kinds of blackberries called erect canes, semi-trailing and the other one is trailing vines.  Erect blackberry plants are self supporting canes which do not need any support to grow them. Unlike them, trailing plants need support to creep the plants. These plants are grown both with thorns and thorn less also. Boysen and Logan blackberries are examples of trailing vines and Arapaho and Black satin are from the erect cane group of these berries.

There are many berries which can be grown in the home gardens too. The thorny blackberries, to list out are, Illini Hardy, Kiowa, Shawnee. A few examples of thorn less blackberries are Apache, Arapaho, Chester, Hull, Natchez, Navaho, Ouachita and Triple crown. 

Nutients in Blackberry

Blackberries are best known for its antioxidants. It contains anthocyanins, ellagic acid and also salicylic acid as antioxidants.  They rank high among around 1000 fruits having antioxidants. This is energetic food giving around 43 kcal and carbohydrates of 9.61 g. It consists of almost all vitamins. These fruits give us Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6 and B9, Vitamin C, Vitamin C and Vitamin K. Proteins of 1.39 g and 0.49 g of fat are available. It has high percentage, 31% of Manganese and becomes the dominant nutritional value of these fruits. Among all these, the nutritional content it contains are fiber, Vitamin B, C and K. Consisting high value of Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity, which is also called as ORAC of about 5347 for 100 grams They rank high also in ORAC fruits. The seeds it contains also have nutrient content. 

Nutritional Value of Blackberries

All values are per 100gms
Water in Blackberry
Protein in Blackberry
Fat in Blackberry
Minerals in Blackberry
Crude Fiber in Blackberry
Carbohydrates in Blackberry
Energy in Blackberry
Calcium in Blackberry
Phosphorous in Blackberry
Iron in Blackberry

Health Benefits of Blackberry

Blackberry improves Cardiovascular health

The antioxidants found in the blackberries are helpful for better cardiovascular health.  It works as aspirin which could protect us from the deceases related to hearts.

Blackberry is good for relaxing body pains

The salicylic acid found in these berries does have medicinal values and so have been used in medicine for centuries. It helps to numb the pains in the body. 

Blackberry as herbal medicine

As it contains antioxidants, these berries have been used in the herbal medicine for the health treatment for diarrhea and dysentery.

Blackberry controls Cancer

Polyphenols, which are contained in these berries help to prevent the cancer, especially esophageal cancer and other major cancers also.

Memory retention with Blackberry

These fruits, when consumed on a regular basis for at least two cups, help memory retention and prevent one from the hypertension.

Improved eyesight with Blackberry

Blackberries help improving the eyesight, when taken on daily in considerable number. 

Blackberry reduces diabetic risk 

When these fruits are consumed at regular basis, the chances of getting diabetes would be reduced. 

Blackberry refills energy

After a hard workout, berries make you refill your energy. The Vitamin K, which aids relaxing of muscles, so many women take these berries to get relieved from the pains laboring at domestic work and it works for any work to relax after laboring with any physical hard task.

Better cognitive function

Blackberries when used taken on a regular basis would limit the decline of our cognitive function, which improves our short term memory.

Blackberry treats sore throat

The leaves of the berries can be taken to give relaxation when suffering from sore throats.

Blackberry for gum problems

These leaves can be eaten to reduce the gum problems like inflammation of gums etc.

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