Friday, 28 October 2016

Orange Benefits for Health

Orange is widely favored sweet fruit blended with the naughty sour taste. These fruits are from citrus species from the family of Rutaceae. It is a tropical and subtropical fruit offering its availability throughout the year in any season and possibly available in tropical and subtropical countries. It is the most cultivated fruit throughout the world from the year 1987. It is also named as Chinese Apple. Present orange fruits are a combination or hybrid of citrus maxima and citrus reticulate.

This fruit can be taken either directly or by making its juice. Orange juice is part of the breakfast menu for many health conscious families. Oranges are widely used for orange juices, frozen orange juice and sweet orange oil. This sweet orange oil is used to add flavor to the food, perfumes and they are also used for hand cleansers, detergents.

Oranges are found in most of the countries and it has got various local names to call. Dutch people call it ‘Sinaasappel’, the Germans call them as Apfelsine. Presently Brazil is leading the production of orange in the world almost equal to the total production of next three following producing countries, and the following positions are occupied by the United States, India and then China.

History of Orange

Going to into the details about the Orange history, especially the sweet oranges, they are believed to be originated from Southeast Asia in the country, China about in 2500 BC. Orange is named from the Sanskrit word, ‘Naranga’ tree after transforming through several intermediate languages.  Bitter oranges are said to be introduced in Italy in the 11th century. These fruits were grown and used for medicinal purposes, like solutions to the problems like scurvy. During 15th and 16th centuries sweet oranges were more accessible to the elite and wealthy people. They used to grow these trees in orangeries, called private conservatories.

Orange Tree

All oranges are from citrus trees. Since oranges are tropical and subtropical fruits, these trees are grown in many counties in the world. These trees grow about 9 to 10 meters and rare old specimen found with over 15 feet tall. These trees are grafted generally. They grow well in the temperatures between 15 and 290 C.

These trees are grown in indoors also in the cooler climates. Seeds can be deployed to grow the orange trees, however, is could be sometimes infertile or it is also possible that it may give another kind of oranges than the parent tree. So, another approach is followed. Seeds are germinated by placing them in paper towel and planted later.

This fruit cannot be matured after picking from the tree and so is picked only after maturing from the tree. However the colour of the green can be changed to orange colour using ethylene gas. This process is called gassing, curing, seating and degreening.

Once the oranges are picked from trees, they can be stored up to 12 weeks with refrigeration. And this storage life is flexible depending upon maturity, cultivars and many other physical conditions.

Orange Fruits Image

Description of Orange

Oranges look in orange colour, however, before ripe, it looks in green. The sweet orange fruits are shaped from circle to spherical and oblong. The outer surface is bitter, hard and slightly splits the juice when it is peeled out. This surface is even and is also found with tiny pits in it. Inside the rind, there is one more intermediate layer present, porous white tissue. After this layer is also taking off, there will be ten carpels or segments of fruit are present, each individual can be separated to eat. These carpels are also layered with thin white tissue. These segments can be directly eaten along with white tissue or after removing the tissue. When these segments are opened, each of the segments can contain up to six seeds.

Oranges are very sensitive to frost. Deep freezing temperature can destroy the entire the garden of oranges like it happened in Southern California in the year 1913. Thus, it is important to prevent frost using certain methods. When sub freezing temperatures are expected, water is to be sprayed on the trees, so the layer of ice frozen insulates the tree from the temperatures further lowered. There is also another method in practice is burning the fuel oil in the pots and placed in between trees to increase the air temperature slightly.

Varieties of Orange Available

Majorly there are sweet oranges and bitter oranges available. Sweet oranges dominate the entire production of the oranges with over 70%, worldwide. These sweet oranges are divided into four categories. They are navel oranges, pigmented or blood oranges, acidless oranges and also common oranges. Other categories of oranges are many kinds. There are several types of oranges available as sub categorized to the list provided here.

Bitter Orange

These are sour oranges and also called as Seville oranges.

Bergamot Orange

These special oranges are grown in Italy and its peel is used to earl gray tea flavor.

Trifoliate Orange

These orange trees are and short and generally grown as ornamental plants in China. These fruits are consumed in the form of marmalade.

Mandarin Orange

This is an orange species, close to sweet orange. However, it is less acidic and looks small with peel easier to take off.

Nutrients in Orange Fruit

Since orange is a citrus fruit, it contains vitamin C in a good amount of proportion. The pH levels of oranges do vary from 2.9 to 4.0. Oranges are enriched with fiber, pectin. Phytochemicals like naringenin, naringin and hesperetin are present. It also contains vitamin A, vitamin B, potassium and calcium.

Nutrition of Orange

All values are per 100gms
Water in Orange
Protein in Orange
Fat in Orange
Minerals in Orange
Crude Fiber in Orange
Carbohydrates in Orange
Energy in Orange
Calcium in Orange
Phosphorous in Orange
Iron in Orange

Health Benefits of Orange - How Orange is good for health?

Orange controls the body weight

Since the orange has good amounts of dietary fiber and pectin, it helps to control the weight of the body, when taken regularly.

Orange controls the blood cholesterol

Cholesterol of blood would be in control, because of the pectin present in this fruit.

Orange for better skin

Vitamin A in oranges improves the healthy skin and also gives better eye sight.

Orange prevents cancer

As oranges are enriched with citrus limonoids, it fights and controls potential cells of cancer.

Orange relieves from kidney diseases

Stones in kidneys are well controlled with the orange juice.

Orange preserves health of the heart

Potassium in oranges enhances the function of the heart and prevents heart diseases like arrhythmia.

Orange in Indian Languages

Indian Language
Local Name
Orange in Bengali
Kamala lebu
Orange in Guajarati
Orange in Punjabi
Orange in Hindi
Orange in Kannada
Orange in Kashmiri
Orange in Marathi
Madhura naranga, Santre
Orange in Oriya
Orange in Tamil
Kichili pazham
Orange in Telugu
Kamala pandu

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