Tuesday, 15 November 2016

Health Benefits of Pomegranate

Pomegranate is a must known sweet fruit for its characteristics promoting our health. These old fruits are often called as super fruits for its rich nutrient benefits. The scientific name of this fruit is Punica Granatum. This fruit, like many other fruits are used to cook, bake and prepare alcoholic beverages and smoothies. 

History of Pomegranate

Pomegranates are originated from Persia, which is now named as Iran. According to the records available in the history, the oldest data about pomegranate is discussed from mid-third millennium in BC. And its cultivation had been started long before in ancient times. The growth and cultivation had been spread to other countries like Russia, Iraq, Armenia, Pakistan, India, Azerbaijan and many other countries. 

This fruit has been mentioned in many ancient texts called the Book of Exodus, Quean and Homeric Hymns. There were many notions of usage of these fruits and had been symbolized for various reasons in various countries. Pomegranates were representing prosperity and ambition in ancient Egypt. The Egyptians used it for treating infections like tapeworm long before around 1500 BC. 

This fruit was known in mythology of Ancient Greek as “fruit of the dead”.  Pomegranate was also displayed on the coins in Pampylia. 

Religiously and culturally, these fruits have significant roles in Hinduism, China, Iran, Ancient Persia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Ancient Greece and Ancient Egypt. 

Pomegranate Tree Information

Pomegranate tree is a small shrub which grows from 5m to 8m height. These trees are grown giving flowers with fruits and fruitless too. They are also grown as ornamental plants with only flowers both at home gardens and public places. Being well tolerated in various environments they are drought tolerant and are able to grow in Mediterranean rainfall and winter climates. They are well grown in better dry areas and would be prone to fungal diseases during the winter up to -120 C.

The flowers of this tree are grown with four or five petals and look in bright red colour. About 200 seeds to 1400 seeds are found inside the fruit. Each of this seed is surrounded pulp surrounded with water covered by edible aril.

Pomegranate Fruit Description

Pomegranate consists of the seeds called arils inside and there are no flesh and pulp. Arils are the desired part of this fruit to eat. It can be opened after cutting it with knife and break it. The arils, which are also understood as seed casings are isolated and placed inside the fruit. 

These arils or seeds are separated from the peels and white pulp membranes. They are easy to be separated, when placing them in the water in a bowl. With this the inedible pulp being light floats in the water and arils sink in water. These arils can also be easily extracted by freezing the fruit. 

Arils can be directly eaten and also used for cuisines. The juice made from it is very sweet and slightly sour and is quite familiar in especially Indian, Armenian and Persian cuisines. 

Thick syrup is made from this juice and is called grenadine or molasses. This syrup is used in making cocktails.

Arils are dried for 10 to 15 days and preserved. It uses in the preparation of curries and chutneys. These dried arils are also ground and for the seeds not to stick in the teeth. No need to prepare them individually as they are widely available in the market. This dried content is used for adding deep flavors to the dishes, as topping on salads, yogurt, ice cream, for trail mixing, granola bars, etc. these are also covered with chocolate in order to add them in the baked foods and desserts. 

Pomegranate is also served along with the fish and kababs in few places. The salads are made with these fruits. Sauce made from it is used to dress the salads, meat and seeds to garnish on the desserts. 

Varieties of Pomegranate Available

There are many varieties available for pomegranate fruits such as nana, eight balls, state fair, Granada, wonderful, angle red and many others to specify.

The cultivation of pomegranate trees is found in most of the Mediterranean region of Europe, Africa and also in Asia. It is grown both in the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere. 

Various names to represent this fruit are anar, anaar, darima, dadima, dalim, dedana, madulai and rodie in most of the Indian languages. European language has termed it as granatum, roma in Portuguese.

Nutrients in Pomegranate

Pomegranates have rich nutrients naming it as super fruit as direct consumption of the fruit itself builds blood in the body. It has rich carbohydrates with considerable sugars and dietary fibers and rich proteins. Vitamins C and K are enriched in this fruit. Flavonoids and ellagitannins, dietary fiber, antioxidants. The rich healthier nutrients of this fruit have brought the significance of it in many cultures. 

Nutritional Value of Pomegranate

All values are per 100gms
Water in Pomegranate
Protein in Pomegranate
Fat in Pomegranate
Minerals in Pomegranate
Crude Fiber in Pomegranate
Carbohydrates in Pomegranate
Energy in Pomegranate
Calcium in Pomegranate
Phosphorous in Pomegranate
Iron in Pomegranate

Health Benefits of Pomegranate

Pomegranate is a potential ayurvedic medicine

Pomegranate fruits have been used in the ancient ayurvedic medicine system in the Indian subcontinent. 

Pomegranate is a remedy for diarrhea

Both the bark of the pomegranate tree as well as the rind of the fruit is used for remedial medicinal purposes for diarrhea and also dysentery caused from it. They also can prevent and work as a remedy for intestinal parasites. 

Pomegranate is a remedy for throat problems

The thick syrup made by pomegranate is used to maintain healthier heart with right heart beat and also used as a tonic for the throat problems. 

Pomegranate is good as blood builder

Most of these kinds of fruits nourishes the system of the human body and build good blood.

Stop bleed with nose and gum with Pomegranate

The flower juice, bark and rind of the tree have astringent qualities and so can be widely used to stop the gum bleeds and nose bleeds. 

Pomegranate reduces risk of heart diseases

When the juice of pomegranate is consumed on a regular basis, risk of heart diseases is reduced to a great extent. 

Pomegranate reduces viral infections inhibitions

The juice of this fruit itself can control the viral infections.

Pomegranate gives protection against dental plaque

The antibacterial content present in this fruit fight against the dental problems such as dental plaque, gum bleeds etc.

Pomegranate in Indian Languages

Indian Language
Local Name
Pomegranate in Bengali
Pomegranate in Guajarati
Pomegranate in Hindi
Pomegranate in Punjabi
Pomegranate in Kannada
Pomegranate in Kashmiri
Pomegranate in Malayalam
Mathalam pazham
Pomegranate in Tamil
Mathalam pazham
Pomegranate in Marathi
Pomegranate in Oriya
Pomegranate in Telugu
Danimma pandu

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