Tuesday, 8 November 2016

Nutritional and Health Benefits of Lemon

Lemon is more notable and popular for its citric acid and so also called as citrus lemon. This fruit has both culinary as well as non-culinary usages from ages throughout the world. It is one of the most known and used fruits in the world from the Rutaceae family.

Lemons were initiated in the effective cultivation lately in Europe, especially in Genoa initially in the 15th century. These seeds were carried by Christopher Columbus to Americas in the year 1493. These seeds were spread with the help of Spanish conquest. During those days, it had been cultivated for the medicine and as ornamental plants. Later conscious effort had been spent for the planting them in the California and Florida during the 19th century.

Lemon trees are found with small flowers which become the lemon. They can be grown in home gardens too.

History of Lemon

Lemon is native to Asia. The first discovery of the fruits is done in South India, Burma and China, though the exact origin has remained still mysterious. However, technically and genetically, lemon is found to be a hybrid or combination of citron and the sour oranges. 

They are most often used by the Jews in Jerusalem and found to be used in 90s of BC. By the first century AD, these fruits were introduced and used by the Europeans and Italians. Then it had been extended to the Persia, Iraq and Egypt. Later it had been spread to the entire Arab world within the Mediterranean region in the second century. Though these are used for lemonades mostly, they are found to be used in the Islamic gardens as ornamental plants also. In the literature and history, it was noted in the Arabic treatise in the10th century. 

Its purpose of using them for scurvy sufferings had been started right from 1747 though it was not prominent for its availability of vitamin C.

Lemon Image

Lemon Description

Lemon looks green when raw and turns to yellow after ripe and becomes juicier. This is shaped in ellipsoidal.

In this fruit, pulp, juice and rind are found. Juice of lemon contains around 5 to 6% of the citric acid. While the juice is used primarily for making squashes, since it is too sour taste and the pulp, rind find its applications and usages in both baking and cooking. Lemonades are most famous drinks in the world for instant refreshing mind and body. Its surface is harder with both plain surface and uneven surfaces. 

Both culinary and non-culinary uses of these fruits make it to be more useful for wider applications throughout the world. Culinary uses - worldwide lemonade, cocktails and soft drinks made of lemon are quite familiar. Widely in India, the primary culinary use of the lemon is pickle, which is used and consumed throughout the year. It is also in practice that the lemon is used in marinades for fish to convert them to be ammonium salts, to tender the meat by partially hydrolyzing the acid. Most of these culinary products are preservatives both for short and long periods of time. These short preservatives tend to oxidize after certain time and becomes in brown colour like many other fruits. Other drinks that could be made from the lemons are liquor of lemon and marmalade. It is also used to garnish and toppings for many culinary foods, salads and juices. 

Varieties of Lemon Available

Lemons are of various kinds. Let us see how they look and are one after the other.

Bonnie Brae

It is a seedless lemon with smooth and thin skin. It looks oblong. You can find them mostly in San Diego County.

Bush Lemon

The true lemon flavour can be found in this naturalized lemon. It looks hard with thick skin. This zest is also useful for cooking. 


This is all seasoned in a yearlong cultivated fruit. These fruits can also be grown in our gardens easily throughout the year.


It is specialized in high lemon oil. These fruits are primarily used for making limoncello. 


This is somehow similar to the bush lemon with rough skin upon it. It is used for rootstock in Asia. The pulp of this fruit is very much sour. 


This lemon tastes much bitter, which contains high levels of citric acid and juice. These fruits are similar to Eureka.


This lemon is slightly less in citric acid with thin skin in appearance. These are very delicate to transport, however, its cultivation is not done on commercial basis. When compared to other lemons, this is considerably more frost tolerant. 


It is found to be a good hybrid of lemon and citron. These fruits more cold-sensitive when compared to the other fruits. 

Variegated pink

It also comes under the variety of Lisbon and eureka. This flesh is a little different and looks pink and combination of pink and orange in place of yellow.


This lemon fruit is found in Spanish only.

Yen Ben

This variant of lemon is found in the Australia and cultivated by the Australian cultivars. 

Nutrients in Lemon

Lemon has a high concentration of citric acids majorly. This percentage varies from one cultivar to the other. 

Nutritional Value of Lemon

All values are per 100gms
Water in Lemon
Protein in Lemon
Fat in Lemon
Minerals in Lemon
Crude Fiber in Lemon
Carbohydrates in Lemon
Energy in Lemon
Calcium in Lemon
Phosphorous in Lemon
Iron in Lemon

Health Benefits of Lemon

Lemon is Anti-infecticious

Vitamin C in lemon helps fighting against the infections, such as cold and flue. 

Lemon alkalize the body

Lemon juice gives instant help to balance the pH of the human body.

Lemon is Antibacterial

The bacteria causing serious health problems like typhoid, malaria, cholera can be prevented from the lemon juice. 

Lemon is best treatment for scurvy

Scurvy can be effectively cured by consuming mild lemon juice mixed with water once in 3 to 4 hours. 

Lemon is good for liver

Mild lemon juice of large glass could be a liver detoxifier to a great extent, making the function of the liver to be more stimulant by dissolving poisons like uric acid and liquefy the bile. It also helps dissolving the solid stones in kidneys, calcium deposits and also gallstones. 

Lemon juice is good for health and it is an instant mind refresher

Lemon juice or direct taste of lemon can effectively work up the brain disorders and for normal brains, it gives instant refreshment, preventing mind blanks etc. 

Lemon treats worms in intestine

The juice of the lemon with its citric acid kills the intestinal worms.

Lemon in Indian Languages

Indian Language
Local Name
Lemon in Bengali
Lemon in Guajarati
Lemon in Hindi
Lemon in Kannada
Lemon in Tamil
Kolinchi pazham
Lemon in Telugu
Nimma pandu

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