Saturday, 5 November 2016

Nutritional Benefits of Jackfruit

Jackfruit is the national fruit of Bangladesh, which is the largest tree borne fruit. Jackfruit is also called jack or simply jak. Its scientific representation is made with the name called Artocarpus heterophyllus from the mulberry family.  It is a great source of dietary fibre.

The jackfruit trees and fruits are suitable for tropical lowlands. So, these are found mostly in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia and Philippines. These are also found in Africa. They are called as panasa in Telugu, phanas from Marathi, pala-pazham in tamil and also as halasa in Karnataka. 

These trees occupy very large space and demand more occupied space from the native tree species around them. This tree grows very tall till 244 meters, which is found in China. The leaves of these trees are wide and so used for wrapping for steaming of certain ingredients to make the recipes. The wood of these trees has potential applications, in the making of musical instruments like barrel drums, veena in the country like Indonesia, gamelan, Philippines and India. Both the soft and hard wood is suitable for musical instruments. The hard wood which is also coloured as golden yellow timer is widely used to build furniture like windows, doors, as well as construction of the house in India. This wood is also used to make the statues of Buddhists in Vietnam and as wooden planks for the priests of Hindus in Kerala of India. 

The jackfruit trees originate from the rain forests present in the southwest of India and archeological evidences said it to be found before 3000 to 6000 years in India. It was named from a word jaca in Portuguese and chakka in Malayalam. This rare combination of names is happened when the Portuguese had arrived Malabar coast in Kerala in India. 

Cultivation of these fruits had played a great role in Indian agriculture longing for many centuries. Presently it is widely cultivated in the southeast Asia. 

The jackfruit is an auspicious fruit, one amongst the three, which form as three arts in Tamil Nadu. It has been reputed as the national fruit in Bangladesh.

Jackfruit Image

Jackfruit Description

This fruit looks huge with the weight of as much as 36 kg and height of 90 cm with the width of 50 cm diameter.  It is fibrous and starchy. 

The aroma of these fruits is sweet and is caused from its ethyl isovalerate and similar compounds. This flavor is experienced as a combined flavor of banana, pineapple and banana. 

The hard seeds from these fruits are cooked as spicy side dishes to eat along with roti or rice and fillings in chops and cutlets. Or they can be taken directly mixing with salt and chillies after boiling or roasting. These taste sweet.

These fruits are widely used in cooking in Asia. And young jackfruits are taken as for this purpose. For this purpose, the inedible unripe fruits are preferred than the ripe fruits. The wide range of dishes can be prepared with these fruits. These dishes are cakes, custards, halo-halo, ice creams of this flavours, chips, side dishes, etc. Unripe jackfruits taste like meat and so in a few countries, it is taken a vegetable substitute of meat and spicy curries are made out of it.

Varieties of Jackfruit

The basic jackfruit and verities, in this kind are said to be from the invasive species from Brazil.  Their verities range of the species. 

In Brazil, three kinds of fruits called jaca-dura, jaca-mole and jaca-manteiga is available. These fruits are hard, soft and semi-hard sequentially. 

From Kerala in India, two kinds of fruits are available with the names called varikka and koozha with the flesh of the fruits to be hard and soft sequenced. This varikka fruit is used to prepare the jackfruit jam made mixing it with jaggery. These fruits in Kerala are found to be sometimes very large with close to four feet tall. 

Yet in West Bengal of India, these are found again to be two kinds called khaja kathal and moja kathal. These fruits are eaten direct raw and also used as side dishes along with rice, roti and Chira. The drink of these fruits is also common in this place. This drink is consumed either directly or sometimes taken in between while eating muri. 

In Karnataka state of India, there are yet two more varieties are existing with the names of bakke and imba. Bakke jackfruits are used to prepare natural chewy candies. These candies are made from the pulp of these fruits after pasting, layering on a cloth and drying from the sun. 

The fruit which is young is named as idinchakka in kerala and also as polos in Sri Lanka. 

Nutrients in Jackfruit

The jackfruit is a good source of vitamin C for its antioxidants, vitamin B and vitamin A. Rich proteins are available from its seeds. It has vitamin A also in small quantities along with flavonoid pigments. The flavonoid pigments, found from these fruits are beta-carotene, xanthin, beta Cryptoxanthin and lutein. 

The vitamin B present in it in the form of B-complex enriched with niacin, folate, vitamin B6, riboflavin. A fresh fruit contains vitamin A, potassium, manganese, iron and magnesium.

Nutritional Value of Jackfruit

All Values are per 100 gms
Water in Jackfruit
76.2 gms
Protein in Jackfruit
1.9 gms
Fat in Jackfruit
0.1 gms
Minerals in Jackfruit
0.9 gms
Crude Fiber in Jackfruit
1.1 gms
Carbohydrates in Jackfruit
19.8 gms
Energy in Jackfruit
88 Kcal
Calcium in Jackfruit
20 mg
Phosphorous in Jackfruit
41 mg
Iron in Jackfruit
0.56 mg

Health Benefits of Jackfruit

Jackfruit replenishes and revitalize the energy

The edible jackfruit when eaten, instantly gives the energy from its sugars named glucose, fructose. It gives around 95 calories of energy from just 100 grams of fruit. 

Jackfruit protects from cancer

Natural fruits contain vitamin A with carotenes as well. These in turn protect the human body from the potential causes of cancers, especially oral cavity cancer and lung cancer. The dietary fiber also reduces the exposure time and blend of chemicals which prone to cause cancer.

Controlled heart rate and blood pressure with Jackfruit

Potassium present in the jackfruit provides fluids needed to regulate the heart beat rate and so the blood pressure.

Jackfruit cures ulcers

The ash of the leaves which are burnt in the coconut shells can cure the ulcers. These are also added to coconut oil to cure them.

Jackfruit in Indian Languages

Indian Language
Local Name
Jackfruit in Bengali
Jackfruit in Guajarati
Jackfruit in Marathi
Jackfruit in Hindi
Jackfruit in Punjabi
Jackfruit in Kannada
Jackfruit in Malayalam
Jackfruit in Oriya
Jackfruit in Telugu
Jackfruit in Tamil
Pala pazham

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