Monday, 7 November 2016

Raspberry Nutrition Facts and Benefits

Raspberry is a sweet edible fruit. This is from multitude of plants of various species from the rose family. Out of these species, most of them are found from subgenus Idaeobatus. These fruits are perennial fruits grown from stems look like woody stems. This is a tropical fruit widely grown in all temperate countries and regions in the world. 

Raspberries are not a true berry, in fact, is a composite or aggregate fruit which is made up of drupelets, which are seen in the form of seeds. 

Black raspberries, which are grown in the United States, are rich in flavor. These fruits are used in many products like jam and also can be preserved for longer usage. The usage of these fruits is both when fresh and also after frozen. 

Raspberries fruits can be directly eaten or consumed as a juice, dried fruits and used in many of the grocery products. They can be stored maximum for one day or two in refrigerators when they are placed open. Instead clean well and place them in a tight plastic bag so that they can be preserved for a long period of time. These fruits are quite often used to prepare jams, lemonades and sauces. They are used as toppings o nice creams, yogurts and muffins. They are also used to make salads, smoothies and pancakes. They get best paired with chocolates. 

Commercially available raspberry fruits are hybrid of two species called R. strigosus and R. idaeus. Commercially these raspberry fruits are cultivated in a few countries. The major production is in Russia, Poland, Serbia, United States, Ukraine, Mexico, United Kingdom, Canada, Azerbaijan and Spain in the same order of increased production. 

History of Raspberry

Raspberries were discovered by Greeks long before in 1st century of BC. Initially, it used to be cultivated only for health benefits for making ointments for eyes, for tea leaves, which can cure health problems like stomach pain and throat problems. Actual cultivation had been started in the 4th century in BC. And then these fruits and cultivation had spread to Europe. 

It was almost in 1700, the actual rigorous production was improved after serious cultivation for both medicinal purposes as well as for direct eating. 

Raspberry Tree Information

Red raspberries are widely and commonly available throughout the world as they are mostly cultivated than the other. However black raspberry plants can also be grown in home gardens which also fruit yellow variants of raspberries. They need more water for more moisture in the soil and sun to grow optimally with rich flesh and juice in. Ideally, these plants can be grown on any kind of soil and are grown in cool climates. 

These raspberry trees are grown traditionally only in the mid summer, and thanks to the new technology from adaptation of which these can be fruited for an entire year. The traditional cultivation involves two harvests, first one in early summer and the other in late summer. Harvest is advised to be done in the sunny and dry days.

The leaves of these trees are significant in many health related applications. Both fresh and dried leaves of these trees are used in herbal tea. They are specialized for their astringent flavor, which make them to be used in herbal medicine. 

Flowers of raspberry trees are a major source of honey or nectar source found and extracted by honeybees. 

The raspberry fruits must be picked from their trees only after they are ripe. The indication of ripe is shown with its deep color of berries in their respective colors based on their species.

Raspberry Fruit Image

Description of Raspberry

Raspberries look in various colors depending on how they are hybridized and cultivated. Black raspberries and res raspberry fruits are available as they are grown naturally. Purple raspberries are produced as the result of hybridization of red raspberries and black raspberries in horticultural way. These fruits are rarely cultivated and so rarely available in the market. Apart from these colors, golden raspberries with yellow blend of color are also available from red and black raspberries. A small raspberry bush could produce hundreds of berries in the entire year. 

Raspberry consists of around drupelets reaching to 100. Each of these drupelets have a small amount of pulp which is juicy and has a seed in its core. 

Varieties of Raspberry Available

Presently, these raspberries are grown in five continents. The total number of varieties and species reached to 200. Wide range of varieties is found in raspberry. Majorly found species of raspberry are West Indian raspberry, boulder raspberry, australina raspberry and Korean raspberry. Commercially raspberries are available as crison night, heritage and Caroline in the supermarkets. 

Nutrients in Raspberry

Raspberries have high amounts of dietary fiber among many other fruits. About 20% of the weight of raspberry consists of dietary fiber. It is also enriched with vitamin C. manganese and vitamin B, folic acid, iron, copper, calcium and magnesium are other nutrient values, which are worth noted in these berries. 

They also contain ellagic acid, gallic acid, catechins, salicyclic acid, kaempferol, cyanidins, pelargonidins and anthocyanin pigments. Carotenoids are mostly found in red raspberries and yellow raspberries.  

Nutritional Value of Raspberry

All values are per 100gms
Water in Raspberry
Protein in Raspberry
Fat in Raspberry
Minerals in Raspberry
Crude Fiber in Raspberry
Carbohydrates in Raspberry
Energy in Raspberry
Calcium in Raspberry
Phosphorous in Raspberry
Iron in Raspberry

Health Benefits of Raspberry

Raspberry regulates menstrual periods

The leaves of the raspberry trees have herbal medicinal values and are used to regulate the menstrual periods for women.

Raspberry controls aging

The antioxidant anthocyanin is the content that provides the color of raspberries to red and the same nutritious value helps human being to control the aging effects like scars and eyesight problems etc.

Raspberry prevents cancer

Great antioxidants present in raspberries control the cells that cause the cancers.

Raspberry prevents hearth diseases

The same antioxidants present in these fruits, also control the heart diseases. 

Raspberry prevents arteries hardening

Raspberries contain salicylic acid, which helps to harden the arteries. 

Raspberry reduces allergic effects

Eating raspberries or drinking its juice can reduce the effects of allergic reactions with the help of anti histamic actions performed.

Raspberry controls growth of bacteria and fungi

Raspberries are very good and worthy fruits which control the damages caused by bacteria and fungi which affect the cell membranes.

Raspberry is good for diabetes patients

Since the sugar composition of the body is slowed down and controlled in raspberry as it is being in low glycemic index which break up carbohydrates very slowly. 

No comments:

Post a Comment